All images © by Roberto Piperno, owner of the domain. Write to email@example.com. Text edited by Rosamie Moore.
Page added in July 2006.
Towards the end of the XIIIth century the Seljuk sultans, who ruled over central Anatolia, assigned to
Osman, the leader of a tribe of Turkoman horsemen, some districts at the border with the Byzantine Empire. It was the first contact between the Ottomans,
(latinized version of Osmanli, Osman's descendants) and the western world.
This section shows some of the fortresses built by the Sultans to protect the Marmara Sea which became the very heart of their large empire. The Ottoman leaders were called sultans after 1383, when Murad I declared himself sultan, temporal leader (rather than caliph, a title having a religious connotation).
Fortresses built before the conquest of Constantinople (1453):
1 - Anadolu Hisar
2 - Rumeli Hisar
Fortresses built after 1453 and before 1657 (major Venetian attempt to enter the Dardanelles):
3 - Kale Sultanieh
4 - Kilitbahir
Fortresses built after 1657:
5 - Seddulbahir
6 - Imbro
7 - Tenedo