All images © by Roberto Piperno, owner of the domain. Write to firstname.lastname@example.org. Text edited by Rosamie Moore.
Page revised in December 2008.
Byzantium, Constantinople, Istanbul are the names of this magnificent city, built on seven hills (like Rome), which was also called Nova Roma, New Rome and second Rome.
Constantine built his new capital with the help of artisans from Rome, so Constantinople retained a significant amount of Roman classical art. This section deals with the imposing walls built by Theodosius II in the Vth century to protect Constantinople. Another section deals with the main monuments of the city and a third one with Galata, the Genoese colony opposite Constantinople.
Constantine had built walls, but the development of the city outside of them and the growing threat of the Barbarians (Huns and Avars) and of the Persians forced Theodosius II to build new walls, not only on land but also on the seafront.
Initially the walls were made up of one line, but soon Theodosius added a second line and a moat. Both the inner and the outer wall were protected by towers. They served to protect the city against every assault until the Turks, supported by cannon, attacked with vastly superior odds in 1453.
From the Golden Horn to Top Kapi
From Top Kapi to Yedikule Kapi
From Yedikule Kapi to Mermer Kule
The Maritime Walls
Other pages dealing with Constantinople/Istanbul:
Clickable Map of Turkey showing all the locations covered in this website (opens in another window).
SEE THESE OTHER EXHIBITIONS (for a full list see my detailed list).