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Visit Rome following 8 XVIIIth century itineraries XVIIIth century Rome in the 10 Books of Giuseppe Vasi - Le Magnificenze di Roma Antica e Moderna The Grand View of Rome by G. Vasi The Environs of Rome: Frascati, Tivoli, Albano and other small towns near Rome A 1781 map of Rome by G. Vasi An 1852 map of Rome by P. Letarouilly Rome seen by a 1905 armchair traveller in the paintings by Alberto Pisa The 14 historical districts of Rome An abridged history of Rome How to spend a peaceful day in Rome Baroque sculptors and their works The coats of arms of the popes in the monuments of Rome Pages on a specific pope Pages complementing the itineraries and the views by Giuseppe Vasi Walks in the Roman countryside and in other towns of Latium following Ferdinand Gregorovius A Directory of links to the Churches of Rome A Directory of links to the Palaces and Villas of Rome A Directory of links to the Other Monuments of Rome A Directory of Baroque Architects with links to their works A Directory of links to Monuments of Ancient Rome A Directory of links to Monuments of Medieval Rome A Directory of links to Monuments of Renaissance A Directory of links to Monuments of the Late Renaissance A list of the most noteworthy Roman Families Directories of fountains, obelisks, museums, etc. Books and guides used for developing this web site An illustrated Glossary of Art Terms Venice and the Levant Roman recollections in Florence A list of Italian towns shown in this web site Venetian Fortresses in Greece Vienna seen by an Italian XVIIIth century traveller A list of foreign towns shown in this web site
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All images © by Roberto Piperno, owner of the domain. Write to romapip@quipo.it. Text edited by Rosamie Moore. Page revised in May 2009.

Isola Tiberina verso Occidente (Book 5) (Map C3) (Day 5) and (Day 6) (View C9) (Rione Ripa) and (Rione Trastevere)

In this page:
The plate by Giuseppe Vasi
Today's view
Ponte Cestio
Via dell'Atleta and a walk through Ripa Romea (Palazzo Mattei di Trastevere)
S. Andrea dei Vascellari and Casa dei Ponziani

The Plate (No. 91)

The Island

On the left Vasi shows the houses of the Jewish Ghetto overlooking the river like a Little Venice. The view is taken from the green dot in the small 1748 map here below. In the description below the plate Vasi made reference to: 1) Ghetto degli Ebrei; 2) Ponte Fabrizio; 3) Ponte Cestio; 4) Mole da grano (mill); 5) Ancient walls; 6) S. Maria in Cosmedin. 1), 2) and 6) are shown in detail in other pages. The map shows also 7) S. Andrea dei Vascellari; 8) Via dell'Atleta; 9) Palazzo Mattei di Trastevere.

Small ViewSmall Map

Today

The Island today
(left) The modern Synagogue; (right) Isola Tiberina

The view is today mainly a view over the Jewish Synagogue built in 1904 on the site of the old Ghetto and Spedale di S. Giovanni di Dio o Fatebenefratelli.
Isola Tiberina resembles a ship ready to leave, but restrained by the two bridges. The form of the ship was very much emphasized during the Roman Empire by building an external travertine wall and by erecting at the center of the small island an obelisk as a sort of mast.

The fountain
(left) A representation of Isola Tiberina at Villa d'Este in Tivoli; (centre) the remaining blocks of travertine which gave the island the shape of a ship; (right) the symbol of Aesculapius

A small section of the travertine wall still remains at the eastern tip of the island (the plate by Vasi shows it also at the western one). It is decorated with a relief portraying a snake wrapped around a stick, the symbol of Aesculapius (Gr. Asclepius), the god of Medicine, to whom the island was sacred. A Renaissance representation of Isola Tiberina can be seen in a detail of the fountain called Rometta (Little Rome) at Villa d'Este in Tivoli.

Ponte Cestio

Ponte Cestio
Ponte Cestio after its XIXth century enlargement

Ponte Cestio was built in 46 BC by the consul Lucius Cestius. In 370 AD it was almost entirely rebuilt by Emperors Valens, Valentinian I and his son Gratian. The bridge was often referred to as Ponte Graziano.

Inscriptions Ponte Cestio
Inscriptions at Ponte Cestio

A large inscription celebrates the three emperors and their victories over the Germans, the Alamanni, the Franks and the Goths; this long list is by itself an indication of the growing difficulties the Roman Empire was experiencing on its northern border. The quality of the inscription is poor when compared to other Roman inscriptions and it is barely readable. Next to it a smaller inscription celebrates a restoration in 1192 by Senator Benedetto Carushomo. The inscription, which attempts to imitate that of the emperors, is a sign of the power achieved by the municipality of Rome towards the end of the XIIth century. Senator was the title given to the head of the city government. Carushomo was overthrown after just two years in office. The execution of the inscription shows a lack of skill with words split into two lines and without the central alignment which characterized the ancient inscriptions.
BENEDICTUS ALME/URBIS SUMME SENATO/R RESTAURAVIT HUN/C PONTEM FERE DIRU/TUM
(Benedict, the great Senator of the famous city repaired this bridge which was falling into ruins).
Those who are interested in the text of the emperors' inscription can find it at the very end of the page.

Isola Tiberina on December 12, 2008
Isola Tiberina on December 12, 2008

In 1888-92 the bridge was modified by enlarging the lateral arches to reduce the risk of floods. Learn more about the Tiber floods.

Via dell'Atleta

Palazzo Mattei di Trastevere
Palazzo Mattei di Trastevere

The Mattei are a family whose fortunes date back to medieval Trastevere. A branch of this family built a large palace, near S. Maria in Campitelli, while another branch continued to live in a medieval house (partly modified) in Trastevere opposite S. Benedetto in Piscinula.

Palazzo Mattei di Trastevere
(left) Reliefs on the walls of Palazzo Mattei di Trastevere: a mouse (above) and the coat of arms of a Cardinal Cybo (below); (right) a house covered with ivy in Piazza in Piscinula

This part of Trastevere is not as popular as the area near S. Maria in Trastevere, but its houses covered with ivy and other creeping plants appeal more and more to the rich.

Via dell'Atleta
Via dell'Atleta: the medieval building which housed a synagogue and detail of the inscription on one of its columns; the other images show a relief, the piece of a sarcophagus and a column which were placed on the walls of medieval houses

The part of Trastevere beyond Ponte Cestio was known in the Middle Ages as Ripa Romea which meant Pilgrims' Bank as Romeo stands for pilgrim going to Rome. The river harbour of Ancient Rome was on the left bank in Testaccio. For the reduced population of medieval Rome Testaccio was too remote and in the XIth century the ships coming from the sea started loading their goods on the right bank (i.e. Trastevere) near Isola Tiberina.
Ripa Romea was mainly populated by foreigners, pilgrims, merchants and by the Roman Jews, whose Temple (with a fine loggia) was in a little alley. This alley was subsequently called Via dell'Atleta because in 1844 a Roman statue was found in this street. It showed an athlete (Apoxyomenos) in the act of using a skin-scraper (strigil). It is now in the Vatican Museums.
In the alley, in addition to a small Roman relief which is thought to represent an athlete, there are pieces of Roman columns or sarcophagi which were used to decorate the buildings.

Picturesque buildings
A medieval house in Piazza dei Mercanti

The small houses and the stables close to the river are now picturesque trattorias.

S. Andrea dei Vascellari

S. Andrea dei Vascellari e Casa dei Ponziani
(left) Casa dei Ponziani; (centre) S. Andrea dei Vascellari; (right) coat of arms of the Ponziani (above) and a detail of the lintel of the church (below)

The names of the streets of this part of Trastevere confirm that in the XIIth century the area was very busy:
Via dei Salumi (salted meat), Via dei Vascellari (potters), Via dei Genovesi (Genoese merchants), Piazza dei Mercanti (merchants) are all names given in that period. The church of S. Andrea dei Vascellari (now deconsecrated) was built in the IXth century and later on it was acquired by the guild of the butchers and in the XVIIIth century by the guild of the potters (for a list of the churches belonging to a guild, click here). The building next to it is the medieval house of the Ponziani, a family of butchers who became very important in the XIVth century. The greatest saint of Rome, Santa Francesca Romana, the founder of Monastero di Tor de' Specchi, married a member of this family.

Casa dei Ponzianil
Works of art in "Casa di S. Francesca Romana" (external link)

Casa dei Ponziani is today a house for (wealthy) pilgrims with a chapel and meeting halls which are decorated with fine works of art.

Excerpts from Giuseppe Vasi 1761 Itinerary related to this page:


Isola Tiberina
Sorse quest'Isola dopo scacciato da Roma Tarquinio Superbo, che per le iniquità sue, e del proprio figliuolo si era renduto odioso non meno al popolo che al Senato Romano; Onde essendogli confiscati tutti i beni, certo grano, che egli aveva nel Campo Marzio parte tagliato, e parte da tagliarsi, in vendetta fu buttato nel Tevere, il quale trovandosi per i caldi di quella Ragione più basso del solito, riuscì facilmente, che le paglie col peso del grano andassero al fondo dell'acqua, e fermatosi in quella parte, ove oggi è l'Isola con altre brutture, che vi sopraggiunsero, fece posatura tale, che aggiungendovisi poi l’industria, e l’opera umana, divenne un' Isola, e fu chiamata Mesopotamia, cioè fra due fiumi. Approdando poi in quest'Isola la nave cogli Ambasciatori, che da Epidauro portavano il Serpente, tenuto da loro per Esculapio Dio della medicina, a lui fu consagrata e però fu formata a guisa di nave, ed ove abbiamo veduto la chiesa di s. Bartolommeo, fu edificato un tempio, e vi fu posto il Serpente, che da' Sacerdoti veniva custodito ed alimentato con somma superstizione, e finsero, che per più secoli fosse ancor vivo; ma da s. Prospero di Aquitania fu scoperta la loro frode. Fu ancora in questo il tempio di Fauno e di Giove Liconio; onde negli atti de' santi Martiri si disse ancora Isola Liconia.
E' massima comune, esservi stato ancora uno spedale; e perciò gran numero d'infermi vi concorreva con animo di conseguire la loro guarigione, ed affinchè i padroni non vi mandassero i loro schiavi ammalati, fu da Claudio Imperatore dichiarato, che fossero per sempre liberi li schiavi, che ivi si curassero.
Ponte Cestio detto di s. Bartolommeo
Per passare al Trastevere fu eretto il secondo ponte, che dal suo fondatore si disse Cestio, ed ora prende il nome dalla chiesa vicina di s. Bartolommeo, e nell'una e nell'altra parte si leggono due iscrizioni, che indicano essere stato rifatto da Valentiniano, Valentino, e Graziano Imperatori.
Anticaglie e mole da grano attorno all'Isola
A fianco della chiesa di s. Bartolommeo si vede la costruzione della nave con grossi macigni, ravvisandosi ancora in un sasso scolpito il Serpente di Esculapio. Dall'altra parte verso la corrente altri macigni si vedono formare la prora della nave, intorno ai quali fu raccolto, come dicemmo, il corpo di s. Quirino, e di vari altri ss. Martiri da' Gentili buttati nel Tevere.
Le mole da macinare il grano, sebbene fossero state inventate, ed introdotte da Bellisario, già in tempo de' Re vi erano in Roma, mentre per tale effetto era stato aggiunto alla Città il Trastevere, in cui passando ci fermeremo forse con piacere nella seguente giornata

Next plate in Book 5: S. Bartolomeo all'Isola
You have completed Day 5 itinerary! Move to Day 6.
Next step in your Day 6 itinerary: Chiesa di S. Salvatore a Ponte Rotto
Next step in your tour of Rione Ripa: Spedale de' Benfratelli e Chiesa di S. Giovanni Calibita

Domini nostri Imperatores Caesares Fl. Valentinianus Pius, foelix, maximus, Victor ac triumph. semper Augustus. Pont. max. Germ. max. Alam. max. Franc. max. Goth. max. Trib. Pot. VII. Imp. VI. Cos. II. P. PP. II. et Fl. Valens pius, foelix, maximus, victor, ac triumph. semp. Aug. VI. Pont. max. Germ. max. Alam. max. Franc. max. Got. max. Trib. Pot. VII. Imp. Cos. II. P. PP. et Fl. Gratianus pius, foelix max. Victor ac triump. semp. Aug. Pont. max. Trib. Pot. III. Imp. II. Cos. I. P. PP. Pontem Felicis nominis Gratiani in usum Senatus ac populi Ro. constitui dedicarique iusserunt.