Visit Rome following 8 XVIIIth century itineraries XVIIIth century Rome in the 10 Books of Giuseppe Vasi - Le Magnificenze di Roma Antica e Moderna The Grand View of Rome by G. Vasi The Environs of Rome: Frascati, Tivoli, Albano and other small towns near Rome A 1781 map of Rome by G. Vasi An 1852 map of Rome by P. Letarouilly Rome seen by a 1905 armchair traveller in the paintings by Alberto Pisa The 14 historical districts of Rome An abridged history of Rome How to spend a peaceful day in Rome Baroque sculptors and their works The coats of arms of the popes in the monuments of Rome Pages on a specific pope Pages complementing the itineraries and the views by Giuseppe Vasi Walks in the Roman countryside and in other towns of Latium following Ferdinand Gregorovius A Directory of links to the Churches of Rome A Directory of links to the Palaces and Villas of Rome A Directory of links to the Other Monuments of Rome A Directory of Baroque Architects with links to their works A Directory of links to Monuments of Ancient Rome A Directory of links to Monuments of Medieval Rome A Directory of links to Monuments of Renaissance A Directory of links to Monuments of the Late Renaissance A list of the most noteworthy Roman Families Directories of fountains, obelisks, museums, etc. Books and guides used for developing this web site An illustrated Glossary of Art Terms Venice and the Levant Roman recollections in Florence A list of Italian towns shown in this web site Venetian Fortresses in Greece Vienna seen by an Italian XVIIIth century traveller A list of foreign towns shown in this web site
What's New!

Detailed Sitemap

All images © by Roberto Piperno, owner of the domain. Write to romapip@quipo.it. Text edited by Rosamie Moore.
Page revised in October 2009.

Ruine del Tempio di Ercole Callaico (Book 3) (Map A3) (Day 2) (View B8) (Rione Monti)

In this page:
The plate by Giuseppe Vasi
Today's view

The Plate (No 49 - ii)

Ruine del Tempio di Ercole Callaico

At Vasi's time this large circular building was thought to be a temple to Hercules built by Decimus Junius Brutus, a Roman general who in 137 BC conquered the Spanish region known today as Galicia. The Roman Senate granted him the title of Callaicus. The building was also known as Tempio di Minerva Medica after a statue which was found there: it portrayed the goddess with a snake, a symbol of Medicine (you may wish to see it in an external link or in a page dedicated to Roman Feet and Sandals).
The small 1748 map here below shows 1) Tempio di Minerva Medica; 2) S. Bibiana.

Small map


The Ruins today
The view in May 2009

The ruins are now imprisoned between a busy road and the rail track leading to Stazione Termini and yet they still call for admiration. The vault partially collapsed in 1828. The building was not a temple, but a IVth century AD nymphaeum of the Horti Liciniani, a large villa belonging to the Licini, the family of Emperor Licinius Gallienus (260-68). The drum has the shape of a decagon and it supports a concrete dome having a diameter of 25 meters.

The Vault
View of the side where the vault collapsed

Excerpts from Giuseppe Vasi 1761 Itinerary related to this page:

Tempio di Minerva Medica
E' questo di figura rotonda fatto di mattoni, rovinato solamente verso levante: alcuni perņ lo credono di Ercole Callaico eretto da Giunio Bruto per aver soggiogato i Callaici popoli della Spagna.

Next plate in Book 3: SS. Pietro e Marcellino
Next step in Day 2 itinerary: Trofei di Mario
Next step in your tour of Rione Monti: Chiesa di S. Prassede