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Two Fountains in Paris
Fontaine des Innocents
Coats of Arms
The fountain makes clear reference to King Henri by showing his monogram (one letter is enough for a king) and the royal coat of arms. The artist pays also a tribute to Queen Catherine de' Medici through a coat of arms showing both the fleurs-de-lis and the pills of the Medici. Catherine married Henri at the age of 14 and for thirty years after his death in 1559 she influenced the history of France through her three sons (Francis II, Charles IX and Henri III). Finally in the lower part of the fountain, the little ship is the symbol of Paris.
Each side of the fountain is a little Roman arch. Two nymphs on each side are represented in the act of pouring water. It is interesting to note that they are very tall, as in many paintings of the Mannerists.
The decoration of the arch shows the influence of the Roman triumphal arches where two victories fill the angles. The top of the fountain shows putti playing water games, a traditional subject preferred by the sophisticated late Renaissance upper classes.
A two minutes' walk east of the Fontaine des Innocents leads to a very different fountain, close to the Centre Pompidou.
Jean Goujon is replaced by Niki de Saint Phalle, who populated the fountain with subjects referring to works by Stravinsky.
Sitting at a sidewalk cafè and watching Niki's amazing creatures continuously revolve is a pleasure of life.
And the mermaid, isn't she a hymn to the "joie de vivre"?
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